The History starts Back in the 1930s, the Central School of Cynologists
After the World War II the number of service dogs was greatly reduced, while the demand for them increased: they were needed to guard the prisons and POW camps
Black Terrier was produced in the "Red Star" kennel, Soviet Union State Kennel
for use as a military/working dogs
breeding programme headed by Colonel Medvedev
In keeping with official ideology the idea was to produce a distinctly Soviet breed of working dogs that were fearless, courageous and devoted to their handlers but also highly trainable with stable temperaments.
A dog that could work in all sorts of climatic conditions and that wasn't mindlessly vicious.
The result, the Black Russian Terrier, proved an unsurpassed all-round army and police dog, guardian of prisons, but also versatile enough to be used as cattle-drivers, flock herders and be a family pet
The breed nicknamed "Russian pearl", "KGBist", "Beria dog", or, to put it more gently, "Blackie"
by reproductive crossing of such breeds as
Giant Schnauzer (the key breed), Rottweiler, Airedale Terrier, Newfoundland, Caucasian Ovcharka,
with addition of some Great Dane, Eastern-European Shepherd blood.
its believed about 20 breeds were used.
Russian terrier, often suggesting the breed is based on a foundation of 30% Giant Schnauzer, 30% Airedale Terrier and 30% Rottweiler; the remaining 10% comprising Great Danes, Caucasian Ovcharkas, East European Shepherds, Newfoundlands and other working breeds.
The first litter was received in 1951
Giant Schnauzer ROY:Rottweiler UNA:
From the combination of GS ROY and Rottweiler UNA sons VAKH and AZART were used in breeding
VAKH's son FOKA was passing undershot to his offspring. In spite of that, inbreeding on FOKA gave promising animals.
TIZA - Moscow Diver (also a produced of the Red Star Kennels)- was also used in breeding. She had white spot on her chest and white toes, that was steadily passed to the offspring.
Besides that, in the beginning of 1960s littermates Giant Schnauzers DASSO & DITTER v.DRANHENSHLUCHT were used. The latter turned out to be a monocryptorhid
(had only one descended testicle).
1957/58 kennel started selling puppies of the second and third generation to the hobby dog breeders
a new stage in the development of the Black Terrier
1958 the first Black Russian Terrier standard was published in
"Regulations & Requirements for Training and Usage of Military Dogs"
Officially breed status was given to Black Terrier in 1981.
1981 the first breed standard was accepted by the USSR Ministry of Agriculture.
In 1984 at the International Assembly in Mexico the BRT was recognized by the
Fédération Cynologique Internationale.
In 2001, the Black Russian Terrier was admitted into the Miscellaneous Class of the
now transferred from Group III of FCI to the Group II.